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Farming

Glyphosate ‘not a carcinogen’

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Glyphosate spraying: Safety still disputed

THE EUROPEAN CHEMICALS AGENCY (ECHA) Committee for Risk Assessment (RAC) agrees to maintain the current harmonised classification of glyphosate as a substance causing serious eye damage and being toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects.

RAC concluded that the available scientific evidence did not meet the criteria to classify glyphosate as a carcinogen, as a mutagen or as toxic for reproduction.

RAC assessed glyphosate’s hazardousness against the criteria in the Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulation. They considered extensive scientific data in coming to their opinion.

The committee concluded that the scientific evidence available at the moment warrants the following classifications for glyphosate according to the CLP Regulation:

Eye Damage 1: H318 (Causes serious eye damage)

Aquatic Chronic 2: H411 (Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects)

RAC concluded that the available scientific evidence did not meet the criteria in the CLP Regulation to classify glyphosate for specific target organ toxicity, or as a carcinogen, as a mutagen or for reproductive toxicity.

The hazard classes for which classification was proposed by the German competent authority were specific target organ toxicity (repeated exposure) (category 2), eye damage/irritation (category 1), and toxicity to the aquatic environment (Aquatic Chronic 2). ECHA also assessed other hazard classes including carcinogenicity, germ cell mutagenicity and reproductive toxicity.

The adopted opinion will go through a normal editorial check before it is sent to the European Commission. The opinion will also be made available on ECHA’s website at the same time.

The adopted opinion on the harmonised classification for glyphosate will be taken into account when the Commission and Member States consider whether to renew the approval to use glyphosate as an active substance in pesticides, later this year.

NFU Cymru President Stephen James said: “We welcome the classification of glyphosate by the ECHA which reinforces its safety.

“The overwhelming weight of evidence shows that glyphosate poses no risk to human health when used correctly. This opinion is shared by regulatory bodies around the world, including the World Health Organisation, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN and the European Food Safety Authority.

“Glyphosate plays a vital role in agriculture in Wales, the UK and around the world. It reduces the need to use other herbicides, it helps to protect soil and cut greenhouse gas emissions by reducing the need for ploughing, and it enables farmers in this country to grow crops that help produce safe, affordable, high quality Welsh food.

“Now ECHA has released its classification, there can be no reason why glyphosate should not be re-authorised for a further 15 years when the European Commission makes its decision later this year. We will continue to work with our members and with other European farming unions to ensure the facts about glyphosate’s safety and importance are heard in the run-up to that decision.”

However, Soil Association Policy Director, Peter Melchett, said, “The ECHA’s view contradicts the position of the World Health Organisation’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which classified glyphosate as a ‘probable carcinogen’ in 2015.

“It is not clear why the ECHA reached a different conclusion from IARC but unlike IARC, the ECHA has relied to a large extent on unpublished data from the pesticide industry, which is unlikely to be made available for independent scientific scrutiny or verification.

“The ECHA only reviewed evidence on glyphosate in isolation, rather than as it is used, in products that always contain other substances. However, the EU Commission’s EFSA has cautioned that some glyphosate products ‘contain higher toxicity’. It has also recommended the UK and other governments to restrict the use of glyphosate pre-harvest, and in public parks, playgrounds and gardens.

“While the debate on links between glyphosate and cancer will continue, the ECHA’s opinion doesn’t change the pressing need to develop even more practical alternatives for those farmers who currently rely on it.”

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Farming

MP pledges support to British farmers

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MORE than 4,000 jobs in Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire rely on farming, Simon Hart MP learned during a special event to Back British Farming.

Farming in the constituency contributes £30.6 million to the local economy – on top of the safe, affordable food farmers produce and the British countryside they maintain.

In addition to its role producing food, farming also supports the work of other industries, such as vets, solicitors, surveyors and feed merchants.

The Back British Farming event in Westminster was held by the National Farmers’ Union (NFU) as a rallying call to MPs to support farming – during a particularly crucial period for British farming as the Brexit negotiations begin.

Mr Hart said: “There are so many worthy reasons to support British farmers: they are responsible for securing our fantastic British food supply, looking after our world-renowned countryside and sustaining a dynamic rural economy. That is why I am proud to wear the NFU’s Back British Farming pin badge in Parliament today.

“These reasons are why I have pledged to Back British farming in Westminster and to ensure our decisions in Parliament reflect the strategic importance of British food and farming to the nation.

“As one of the sectors that will be most affected by Britain’s withdrawal from the EU, it is critical that as politicians we create the right regulatory environment to ensure our farmers can continue to provide the safe and affordable food that the public trust and demand.”

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Farming

MP signs pledge to Back British Farming

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STEPHEN CRABB MP has recognised the vital role that Pembrokeshire farmers have contributing to the economy, the countryside and food production as he pledged to Back British Farming at an event in Westminster this week.

Farming in Pembrokeshire contributes £32.6 million to the local economy and provides 4,570 jobs – this is on top of the safe, affordable food farmers produce and British countryside they maintain.

In addition to its role producing food, farming also supports the work of other local industries, such as vets, solicitors, surveyors and feed merchants.

The event in Westminster was held by the National Farmers’ Union (NFU) as a rallying call to MPs to support farming – during a particularly crucial period for British farming as the Brexit negotiations begin.

Stephen Crabb MP said: “There are so many worthy reasons to support British farmers: they are responsible for securing our fantastic British food supply, looking after our world-renowned countryside and sustaining a dynamic rural economy. That is why I am proud to support the NFU’s Back British Farming campaign in Parliament.

“These reasons are why I have pledged to Back British farming in Westminster and to ensure our decisions in Parliament reflect the strategic importance of British food and farming to the nation.

“As one of the sectors that will be most affected by Britain’s withdrawal from the EU, it is critical that as politicians we create the right regulatory environment to ensure our farmers can continue to provide the safe and affordable food that the public trust and demand.”

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Farming

Backing Welsh farming at PMQs

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Speaking out for Welsh agriculture: Jonathan Edwards

PLAID CYMRU MP Jonathan Edwards has championed NFU Cymru’s Back Welsh Farming campaign during Prime Minister’s Questions in the House of Commons.

The Carmarthen East and Dinefwr MP used economic data highlighting the financial contribution of farming to Wales, provided by NFU Cymru, to challenge Prime Minister Theresa May on the future trade prospects for Welsh farmers once the UK leaves the European Union.

Speaking during Prime Minister’s Questions on September 13 – Back British Farming Day – Plaid Cymru’s Jonathan Edwards MP said: “Today is also Back Welsh Farming Day and NFU Cymru estimates that agriculture contributes 60,000 jobs in Wales, as well as half a billion pounds. How will farming be able to continue that contribution once the International Trade Secretary opens up domestic markets to lower food standards whilst simultaneously losing access to our main export market?”

In response, Prime Minister Theresa May stated she was pleased to support farmers in Wales. The Prime Minster said that the Government was looking to leave the European Union with ‘a good trade deal that will continue to enhance trade to take place on a basis that is as friction-free and tariff-free as possible’. She also expressed her belief that exiting the European Union will present Welsh farmers with opportunities to export their produce across the rest of the world.

Jonathan Edwards MP was one of a number of Welsh MPs wearing specially-designed wheat and wool pin badges to show support for the NFU’s Back British Farming Day.

The campaign saw farmers from across Wales write to their MP to highlight why farming is so important to their constituency and Wales as a whole.

NFU Cymru President Stephen James said: “The contribution of food and farming to Wales is extremely important. It is critical to have the support of MPs recognising the value of the sector. Across Wales, farming underpins food production, the countryside and the rural economy. For the future of the nation’s farming sector, the support of politicians is crucial to ensure that our industry receives the best deal possible after Brexit.

“We are grateful to all the Welsh MPs who wore their wheat and wool pin badges to champion the cause of farmers back home in Wales. It was fantastic to see so many MPs showing their support for the industry. We are particularly grateful to Jonathan Edwards for raising his question to the Prime Minister today – it is important that we have voices in the House of Commons who are willing to raise the profile of Welsh farming and champion our cause.”

Speaking after Prime Minister’s Questions, Carmarthen East and Dinefwr MP Jonathan Edwards, said: “Sadly in her answer to me the Prime Minister talks of fantasy trade deals around the world, forgetting that a staggering 90% of Welsh food and drink export produce goes to EU countries. This isn’t going to be replaced overnight.”

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